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אבל

Reinier de Blois

(1) verb | אָבֵל | adj | אֵבֶל | noun m
(a) Grief (Action) verb qal; verb hit ‏אָבֵל, אֵבֶל‎ | ‏ בכה, בְּכִי | ‏ גיל, שׂושׂ, שׂמח
= to experience grief and show this by one's actions; caused by bereavement, loss, or other difficult circumstances  - to mourn  (GEN.27:41; 1:34; 1:35 ...)
     Joy ; Mourning ; Well-Being [show/hide contextual meanings]
(b) Grief > Dry (State/Process) verb qal | ‏ אמל, יבשׁ, נבל, קמל
extension of meaning of [a]‏: = to be or become devoid of moisture, and therefore lose color and bend over as if in mourning; which may ultimately result in death if circumstances do not change; applies to plants and their products; associated with drought and destruction, often as punishment from God  - to mourn, wither, languish  (ISA.24:4,7; 23:9 ...)
     Plant ; Nature ; Drought ; Well-Being ; Punishment ; God [show/hide contextual meanings]
(c) Grief (Causative) verb hi
causative of [a]‏ = to cause or allow someone to experience grief due to bereavement, loss, or other difficult circumstances; in all cases personified to apply to inanimate objects such as parts of nature or buildings  - to cause to mourn  (LAM.2:8; EZK.31:15)
     Well-Being [show/hide contextual meanings]