◄ ‏אֶשֶׁל‎     ‏אָשָׁם‎ ►

אשׁם

Reinier de Blois

(1) verb | ‏ אָשָׁם, אָשֵׁם, אַשְׁמָה
(a) Bear (State/Process) verb qal | ‏ נשׂא
= to bear the responsiblity for an unlawful deed, that was committed either knowingly or unknowingly; applies to: human  - to be guilty; to be in the wrong; to have wronged  (LEV.4:13,22,27 ...)
     Responsibility ; Morals and Ethics [show/hide contextual meanings]
(b) Bear > Know (State/Process) verb qal
= to realize that one bears the responsiblity for an unlawful deed, that was committed either knowingly or unknowingly; applies to: human  - to realize one's guilt  (HOS.5:15)
     Responsibility ; Morals and Ethics [show/hide contextual meanings]
(c) Bear (State/Process) verb qal
as [a]‏, but with focus on the consequences: = to bear the consequences for an unlawful deed for which one is held responsible; applies to: human  - to bear one's guilt; to be punished  (PSA.34:22,23; PRO.30:10 ...)
     Responsibility ; Morals and Ethics ; Punishment [show/hide contextual meanings]
(d) Bear (Causative) verb hi
= to make someone bear the consequences for an unlawful deed for which one is held responsible; causer: divine; affected: human  - to make someone bear his/her guilt; to punish  (PSA.5:11)
     Responsibility ; Morals and Ethics ; Punishment [show/hide contextual meanings]
(e) Bear (State/Process) verb ni | ‏ בוך
as [c]‏, but extended to apply to animals: = to go through difficult circumstances; with the implication that someone else is responsible; applies to: animal  - to suffer  (JOL.1:18)
     Punishment [show/hide contextual meanings]
(f) Bear > Impact (State/Process) verb qal | ‏ גדע, חרב, ישׁם, מחה, שׁבר, שׁבת
as [c]‏, but extended to apply to an inanimate object: = to be destroyed with the implication that someone else is responsible; applies to: inanimate  - to bear the blame > to be destroyed  (EZK.6:6b)
     Destruction ; Punishment ; Responsibility ; Morals and Ethics [show/hide contextual meanings]

(a) אָשָׁם "guilt-offering"
(b) שׁמם