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צָבָא

Graham S. Ogden

(1) noun m/f | ‏ צבא, צְבִי, צְבִיָּה
(a) Serve (State/Process)
= state of being in the service of the community; sometimes associated with suffering and heavy labor  - work, service  (NUM.4:3,30,35 ...)
     Work [show/hide contextual meanings]
(b) Fight (Action)
= state of serving as a soldier in active combat  - war, campaign, battle  (NUM.31:3,4,5 ...)
     Warfare
(c) Soldiers ‏יֹצֵא צָבָא‎
= person who is fit for military service  - soldier fit for war  (NUM.1:3,20,22 ...)
     Warfare
(d) Groups
= relatively large group of people, usually with centralized leadership; assembled for a common purpose, such as warfare or a journey  - division, company  (GEN.21:22,32; 1:26 ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(e) Groups > Universe ‏צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם‎
= collective of all celestial bodies that give light; created by God; often worshiped by people, contrary to God's law; in Daniel 8 possibly used as a metaphor for the people of God  - host of heaven, sun, moon, and stars  (GEN.2:1; DEU.4:19; 5:3 ...)
     Nature [show/hide contextual meanings]
(f) Deities | ‏ מַלְאָךְ
literally: "host of YHWH" or "host of heaven"; hence: = heavenly beings surrounding God's throne, praising him and carrying out his will on earth  - army of YHWH, heavenly army  (JOS.5:14,15; 1KI.22:19; PSA.148:2b,2b ...)
(g) Deities noun m pl
literally: "YHWH (or one of the other names of God of a combination thereof) of Hosts"; hence: = epithet of God with focus on his being in charge of the host of heavenly beings surrounding his throne, praising him, and carrying out his will in earth; as an epithet it relates to God's power and control of the cosmos as the divine king and warrior  - of Hosts, Almighty One  (1SA.1:3,11; 9:4 ...)
     God [show/hide contextual meanings]
(2) noun m/f
See: צְבִי

(a) MT HOTTP-B NIV NJPS NJB GNT CEV; RSV NRSV REB מַצָּבָא "garrison, guard"
(b) MT-K sg; MT-Q pl
(c) MT אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה הַצְּבָאוֹת
(d) MT יהוה אֱלֹהֵי הַצְּבָאוֹת