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צדק

Graham S. Ogden

(1) verb | ‏ צַדִּיק, צֶדֶק, צְדָקָה | ‏ צָדוֹק, צִדְקִיָּה
(a) Just (State/Process) verb qal | ‏ זכה, טהר, תמם | ‏ חטא, רשׁע
= to act in accordance with the requirements of the law or in accordance with accepted standards, either in a matter that is under dispute or as one's general mode of behavior; used for both humans (sometimes symbolizing nations) and God  - to (prove to) be righteous, just, in the right, innocent  (GEN.38:26; JOB.4:17; 18:2 ...)
     Justice [show/hide contextual meanings]
(b) Just (Causative) verb pi; verb hit
= to make oneself (one's נֶפֶשׁ) or someone else appear to act in accordance with the requirements of the law or in accordance with accepted standards either by of one's choice of words or because of the fact that someone else's behavior is much further below standard; used for individuals (sometimes symbolizing nations)  - to clear, justify (oneself or someone else), to make (oneself or someone else) appear righteous, just  (GEN.44:16; JOB.32:2; 18:32 ...)
     Justice [show/hide contextual meanings]
(c) Just (Causative) verb hi
= to cause someone else to be counted as meeting the requirements of the law or accepted standards either by guiding that person towards changing his/her behavior or by taking upon oneself the responsibility of that person's sin; used for humans with regard to other humans  - to make righteous, just; justify; lead to righteousness  (ISA.53:11; DAN.12:3)
     Justice [show/hide contextual meanings]
(d) Just (Causative) verb hi | ‏ רשׁע
= to make declare someone's behavior to be in accordance with the requirements of the law or in accordance with accepted standards; used for both humans and God with regard to humans  - to acquit, declare innocent, vindicate  (EXO.23:7a; DEU.25:1; 2SA.15:4 ...)
     Justice [show/hide contextual meanings]
(e) Clean (Causative) verb ni
= to be restored to an original and rightful state; used for the temple, which had been desecrated  - to be cleansed, restored, reconsecrated  (DAN.8:14)
     Holiness ; Temple
(f) Right (State/Process) verb qal | ‏ אֱמֶת, טָהוֹר
= to be in accordance with the requirements of the law or with accepted standards; used for God's law itself  - to be right, just (of God's laws)  (PSA.19:10)
     Justice ; Law

(a) MT HOTTP-A RSV NIV NJPS NRSV REB GNT CEV; NJB תצדק