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צפן

Graham S. Ogden

(1) verb | ‏ מַצְפֻּנִים, צָפִין | ‏ אֱלִיצָפָן, אֶלְצָפָן, צְפַנְיָה
(a) Hide (Action) verb qal | ‏ ארב
= to hide oneself in order to attack another person  - to lurk, lie in wait, ambush  (PSA.10:8; 19:7a; 19:7b ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(b) Hide (Causative) verb qal
= to store valuable objects in one particular location in order to keep them safe  - to store  (PRO.13:22; SNG.7:14) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(c) Hide (Causative) verb qal; verb hi
as [b]‏, but extended to humans: = to bring a person to a particular location where s/he will be safe  - to hide, protect  (EXO.2:2,3; JOS.2:4 ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(d) Hide (Causative) verb qal | ‏ סתר
= to keep an event hidden from other people  - to hide, conceal  (JER.16:17) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(e) Hide > Know (Action) verb qal
literally: to store up events in one's mind as if they were material goods, hence: = to keep a record of events in order to act upon them at a later date  - to store up > to remember  (JOB.21:19; HOS.13:12) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(f) Hide > Think (Action) verb qal
literally: to store up events in one's mind as if they were material goods, hence: = to have the intention to do something  - to store up > to plan  (JOB.10:13; PSA.31:20; PRO.2:7c,7d ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(g) Hide > Frequency (Causative)) verb qal
literally: to store up events in one's mind as if they were material goods, hence: = to seek to obtain a certain quality in abundance  - to store up > to accumulate  (PRO.10:14) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(h) Hide > Love (State/Process) verb qal
literally: to store up events in one's mind as if they were material goods, hence: = to experience affection for an event  - to store up > to cherish  (JOB.23:12; PSA.119:11; PRO.2:1 ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(i) Hide > Love verb qal pt.pass
literally: stored up in a safe place, hence: = person or object considered valuable and/or treated with affection  - treasure, treasured one  (JOB.20:26; PSA.17:14e; EZK.7:22 ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(j) Hide > Happen (Causative) verb ni (passive)
to store up events as if they were material goods, hence: = to cause events to take place  - to store up > to cause to happen, take place  (JOB.15:20; 18:1) [show/hide contextual meanings]
(k) Control (Action) verb qal
= to keep a person from doing something  - to keep, restrain  (JOB.17:4; PRO.27:16,16 ...) [show/hide contextual meanings]

(a) MT-K יצפינו = hi.; MT-Q יִצְפּוֹנוּ = qal
(b) MT-Q יִצְפּוֹנוּ = qal; MT-K יצפינו = hi.
(c) MT-K pf.; MT-Q ipf.
(d) MT-Q ipf.; MT-K pf.
(e) MT-Q צְפוּנךָ ; MT-K צפינך = צָפִין